So during today’s seminar, we went through the use and techniques of shutter speed.
We firstly went through the measuring of shutter speed and what the fractions means and calculate to so we had a better understanding of what they meant before we began going through how it can manipulate an image.
So after this, went through the use of slow shutter speeds in an image. This is great for flowing objects such as streams or rivers, as well as cars on motorways as well.
These can then add a smooth flow to the shots and to also add a creative look to the image.
Using a slow shutter speed increases the movement in an image so this means that a tripod should generally be used to keep it into position. As well as this, the use of a longer shutter speed means that there is a chance of over exposing the image so to get around this you can rather use a smaller aperture or a N.D filter.
We then shortly went through the use of fast shutter speed an how it can capture action in a shot and how it can work well in things like sporting events so it keeps the subject sharp and in focus.
After doing this we went through the use of panning and zooming and how this can add a artistic effect to the shots and also emphasise the moment or action in the shot.
Finally, after going through all the different uses and techniques we then went around the campus to practise these new techniques we had being taught about. We were asked to try use the panning and zooming techniques more as they are more difficult to get used to so it would help us gain some experience on how to use it properly.
As I already knew how to use these techniques I tried to help my friends work on theirs more than do it myself but I think I did help them out how to use it creatively and they ended up coming out with some nice pictures.
So with this photoshoot I think it’s important to emphasise not only the fun of the day, with the use of dress-up and the trick-or-treating. But I also want to include the fact that this day is a celebration of the beginning of winter.
The equipment that I will need is:
– Portrait Lense (50mm)
– Standard kit Lense
– Telephoto Lense
– Flash Gun
To do this I will have to organise a few models to dress up in costumes and to try make them look nice, this will let me work on my portrait techniques with not only singular models but group shots with using a flash gun and the lighting provided.
As well as this I will also use a tripod to take long exposed shots to use the natural lighting and to also add movement in my images and an eerie feel in my shots.
I think the most important thing I will need to do in this photoshoot is to use a variation of techniques to add special effects to the lighting I use so that my images will all be very creative and interesting.
I am looking forward to experimenting with what I can do with my lighting techniques and hopefully I will get some good pictures out of it.
So for this lecture we were going through the explanation of exposure.
This included the three major factors which are:
– Shutter Speed
We then went through these in slight description to understand how they work and how they can affect their image in their separate ways.
As ISO is the sensitivity of the film/sensor in the camera, this means that when you use a higher ISO it will be much more sensitive meaning that it is easier to shoot in darker lighting.
The shutter speed decides how long the shutter stays open, which means that depending if it’s bright the photographer can use a fast shutter speed to gain the correct exposure, or they can use a longer exposure if it’s dark so that it’s not too under exposed.
The aperture then controls the size of diaphragm which controls the amount of light which falls onto the shutter. So the wider the aperture the faster the image is going to be exposed. But then the wider the aperture is the lower the depth of field will be in the image.
So during our photography seminar today we spoke about the effects on an image that aperture can produce.
As aperture is the key to the depth of field in a photograph, it can be creatively used in several ways in a shot, so it is very important to understand it properly.
Depth of field is the distance in front and around the point of focus which is kept sharp and depending on the theme of the image can be very key in building a strong photo.
With learning that a wide aperture produces a larger depth of field in the image, this is mainly used for if you want to keep one major part of shot in focus as to draw the attention of the viewer.
This is the opposite to a narrow aperture, as this gives less depth of field, but in return keeps a higher amount of the image in sharp focus so you can then see the surroundings of the image which then tells more of a story in the image.
After then going through the f.stops on the camera controls we were then set the task to go out and practise the use of aperture on the campus and use the subject of “Signs” to shoot.
This was a good test as we had to look around the campus for things that could work well in giving us a nice composition and empasise either the shallow or long depth of field in our photos.
I think that I personally did quite well as I tried to work on my composition at the same time to make sure I didn’t throw the subject straight into the centre of the shot. And as well as this, I also tried to include an interesting background for the images in which I used a longer f.stop.
With this seminar, we have being going through the different ways in which articles should be structured depending on whether they are online or in a newspaper/magazine.
It was interesting to see how the same story can be edited to fit it’s surroundings and for the viewers.
Karl showed us the two separate structures, showing us their slight differences and how important it is to get these right for when you are writing for the web.
He gave us a lot of key facts to keep in mind on how we should keep our writing short but informative.
He then went through the use of the “Inverted Triangle” which is the key basis to work on when publishing any worthy article on the web.
There are three parts to the inverted triangle and working from top to bottom these are:
1. Most Newsworthy Info.
For this section the writer should go through the general happenings in the story so that the reader knows and understands what the article is about.
2. Important Details.
As you have caught the readers eye in the first part, you then talk about the more longer and important facts/details of the story.
3. Other general/background info.
Finally, the writer usually finished with some side information of the story which may not fully be key to the story, but it might be a good piece of information for the readers to know about.
All these then build up a strong article for any story that can be posted onto the web.
I thought this was very useful to learn today as it is just before we have to produce our own online article for the course, so this has really helped me understand what is key for a strong article.
And with this information, it means I have a starting block to work on with any other pieces of work I may need to publish online.
The legend may be making one last final mark on his hometown by the possibility of a permanent memorial for the man himself.
The council leaders are asking for the opinions of the people of Leeds on rather naming the new upcoming stadium or a statue in the name of the man himself.
The legendary showbiz man has been well known for not only his television and Dj work, but his vast amount of charity work throughout his years. And this is why the Labour deputy leader Judith Blake has said that and future memorial of Sir Jimmy’s should mark his “enormous contribution” to the city.
As well as the talks of a memorial, there are also the plans of him being buried in a golden casket which will be on show in the Queens hotel in Leeds on the 8th of November from 9am-4:30pm.
This will then lead onto his funeral the day after, in St. Anne’s Cathedral at 2pm, which is also open to the public as well as family.
It is said that one of his final wishes before his passing away was to be buried in the city of Scarborough, overlooking the sea.
It is said that the family of the Leeds Legend have said they would like the public to come along to both the mass and the burial as it is what he would of wanted.
So during our seminar with Tony, we were talking about the use of artificial lighting in photography.
With this we were talking about when it is needed and when it can be used to increase the quality of the image.
As well as this, we were also talking about the several types of artificial lighting available to use which includes things such as flash guns, profesional lighting and things such as street lamps and what effects they can have on the image.
After this we went into a little more depth about the types of studio lighting that can be used, and their pro’s and con’s when they’re being used.
After this, we then went off in pairs around the campus to practise the use of artificial lighting in an image and how it can be used correctly. So for this, me and my friend went off into the small wooded area at the side of the campus as this would allow us to take some images of the greenery and use the flash to fill in any overcast shadows from the bright light.
This worked out better than I thought it would and I collected some very nice images from this practise challenge and this gave me a better understanding of the new flash gun that I have recently purchased. Which will come in useful for the first part of our unit when I have to use lighting creatively in my halloween photoshoot.
So today in our seminar we went through the several types of file formats used in images and which ones are best used for uploading and embedding onto the internet.
We firstly went through the basic file formats such as PNG’s and JPEGS which are the most popular types of file formats found and used for image uploading on the internet due to their compression effectiveness and popularity.
After going through these we then talked about the strengths and weaknesses of JPEGS as they are the most popular and majorly used file format for images on the internet. They are very popular due to the high count of colours which are supported in their files, along with them being the default image format for photos on the web they also allow agressive “lossy” compression of files which then makes them quickly uploaded and sent via the internet.
The downside the compression of files sizes means that the images generally lose a lot of data and quality as well as usually being quite “glitchy”. Which can case quite a problem when you want you image to be as a higher quality as possible.
After this we then went through a few more unknown and less useful file formats such as TIFF’s and BMP’s, which are a slightly different to normal file formats and can cause problems when being sent to other people or uploaded onto the internet due to them being uncommon to other types.
After learning about the several file types, we were shown how to upload and embed images and videos onto our wordpress so that then we could use these skills on our 3 different posts which were uploaded earlier.
So during this seminar we firstly went through the overview of our first unit of the course after finishing our foundation project.
We have been given 5 different topics/themes to shoot which have all got a separate techniques we need to specify in each.
The 5 themes/topics are:
- Halloween – Use of Light
- Markets – Apeture
- Sporting Event – Lens Types
- Tropical World – Shutter Speed
- Urban Landscapes – Special Techniques
After going through these we then started on going through natural lighting. Tony, our tutor for this part of our course began going through the different types of natural lighting and what effects we can gain from not only the times of days, but also the angle and direction in which the lighting is coming from.
From this seminar I learnt a lot about different techniques when it comes to shooting in natural lighting and it gave me a lot to practise. So in the last part of our seminar, we were given the time to go out around the campus to shoot some images and try and get at least one image from each type of lighting. But unfortunately, due to living in England in the middle of autumn, it seemed that the sun decided it didn’t want to come out from behind the clouds, so it was difficult for us to capture some strong lighting effects outside.
So to get around this, we used went to the edge of the campus where there are a group of trees and used the shade to emphasise the light cast onto the leaves and the trees which worked out much better than expected.
Through this seminar, we were talking about the debate on how original journalism is now transferring into digital journalism.
To begin with, we first spoke about the different types of visual effects of technology on journalism.
We began with talking about how not only is print becoming obsolete, but also the power that social media has gained over the past few years.
We also then began talking about the transfer between old and new media and the capabilities each of them hold.
This talk was also going on through the same time that general Gedaffi had being captured and killed by the rebels so this gave a great example when we looked on a traditional styled media-based website like bbc where they have to stick to the old rules which means they are unable to post a piece of fact without two other legitimate sources agreeing which then leads to a long waiting time. Whereas other online website such as social media websites can post anything without needing to stick to this rule. But due to this there is never any positive guarantee of accuracy. This then gives a negative to what seems such a fast and quick type of news release and it was easy to see the positives and negatives of each type of news.